by Joseph Barber, associate director of career services at the University of Pennsylvania, for Inside Higher Ed
Reviews of websites and databases that can help the Ph.D. or postdoc doing a job search: LinkedIn, Indeed.com, GoinGlobal, MyIDP, and Versatile Ph.D.
“So you stumble across a job that sounds interesting…what do you pay attention to? If you’re like most job seekers, you might skip straight to the qualifications to see if you’re qualified, skim the rest of the document, then send in your application, right? Well, if you do this, you’re likely missing out on clues that can help you craft a stand-out resume.” – Victoria Crispo
This article will help you analyze a job description and locate the following in order to target your resume to a specific employer:
- Organization description and mission
- Job responsibilities
- Qualifications and skills
- Candidate attributes and characteristics
- Keywords and key lingo
- Application instructions and deadlines
Read the full article on Idealist Careers (link is external).
May 18, 2015
Getting the Most From Your Internship Experience
Learning, confirming, impressing, and positioning. When you take an internship, these should be four of your goals.
Of course you want to learn as much as you can about your employer and its culture, and about the industry in which it operates. You’re looking to confirm that both the employer and the industry are good matches for you.
But you also want to impress managers and leaders to position yourself for an offer of full-time employment from the organization once you graduate.
“If you get a ‘high-quality’ internship that gives you the chance to apply what you are studying in school, it will give you the opportunity to confirm that your major is really the right direction for the start of your career,” explains Steve Canale, General Electric’s (GE) manager of global recruiting and staffing services. “An internship is a great testing ground to make sure that you are on the right path.”
Most companies hire the majority of their full-time college graduates from their pool of interns and co-ops. Canale says that 70 percent of GE’s full-time hires have interned with the company. What can you do to get the most out of your internship experience? First, you need to know what employers look for in their interns that makes them candidates for full-time positions.
First and foremost, employers see potential in you, says Julie Cunningham, president of The Cunningham Group. Potential, Cunningham explains, is indicated by your:
- Ability to learn quickly (not just the job tasks, but the informal rules of the organization)
- Perseverance when confronted with obstacles
- Ability to work independently and finish tasks
- Ability to work as part of a team
- Technical skills related to the job
“Lastly,” she continues, “don’t underestimate how much social poise and good manners count.”
Burke Walls, Intel’s intern program manager, agrees, adding that a positive attitude during your internship is a key indicator of on-the-job success.
“Many times, students come into an internship ready for their dream job,” Walls says.
“However, in some cases, that dream job may be several steps away from the original internship. Even if this is the situation you’re in, you need to perform at a high level. Managers want to see you take care of your assignments, understand your deliverables, and use your skills and the resources available to you to get the job done. Be humble and appreciate the work others have done to make you successful.”
In this competitive job market, it’s important to keep in mind that the overarching goal of an internship is to get a full-time job offer, Canale says. “Realize that, like school, you are in a competitive environment and that your actions, attitude, and deliverables are being ‘graded,’ ” he adds. “With this in mind, look for ways to differentiate yourself.”
To make your mark, take advantage of the opportunities your employer makes available to you, says Shannon Atkison, Vanguard’s intern program manager. An example is speaking or presenting in front of senior leaders.
“Treat this like a final exam and prepare as much as you can,” Atkison says. “And be creative with your projects. Every project has the opportunity to turn into something robust and value-added given the right amount of time and creativity you put into it. These opportunities are like auditions and represent an incredible chance for you to set yourself apart.”
Incorporating these strategies will help you meet your internship goals in pursuit of the ultimate prize: a full-time job offer.
Courtesy of the National Association of Colleges and Employers.
Walking up the stairs in FATHOM’s Oakland-based 3D printing facility, I notice a group of small greyish objects along the stairwell. Leslie Ugarte, head of HR and UCSB graduate, tells me that FATHOM doesn’t bother with employee photos; instead, it uses 3D printers to create a bust of each person to highlight their unique—and growing—workforce.
Housed in a great location near Jack London Square in a classic manufacturing/brick loft-type structure with a youthful vibe, FATHOM is currently undergoing its largest expansion to date, doubling the size of its production center at its headquarters to accommodate the growing need for accelerated manufacturing services. The applications of 3D printing are almost limitless and cross all industries—biomedical, automotive, entertainment, industrial, aeronautical, retail, to name just a few! FATHOM works with companies large and small, creating parts, developing products, and providing equipment for organizations ranging from the largest Silicon Valley titans to startups looking to secure funding.
The team members at FATHOM seem to relish the fresh and exciting challenges that come with much of their work, as many of the projects they work on entail creating something that has never before existed.
3D printing, or as it’s called in the industry, “Additive Manufacturing,” is an umbrella term for creating parts through adding material layer by layer. In one of the most common processes, PolyJet 3D printing, the part is made somewhat similarly to 2D inkjet printing. Controlled by a computer model or 3D scan, the 3D printer creates a part by laying down material as slim as one-tenth of a millimeter, then lowering the build tray, and repeating the process until the three-dimensional part is complete. FATHOM 3D prints parts in a variety of materials, including thermoplastics, metals, and even circuitry!
FATHOM is looking to hire UCSB students in a variety of positions including design and engineering roles (for those with technical skills), lead generation, customer service, and many more. Specific majors and types of experience will vary by position and focus. Leslie Ugarte (email@example.com) welcomes outreach from UCSB students to discuss their interest in working at FATHOM (http://studiofathom.com/careers/).
Recent CNET feature on FATHOM’s work with Mercedes, Oakland facility, and 3D printing processes: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pPpMMKlZGjM&t=38s
The best way to explore a potential career choice is by speaking with and/or following someone who works in that career.
- Do an information interview. Learn first-hand about your chosen profession by asking questions about tasks, business environment, and educational background.
- Shadow a professional. Follow someone in your career choice as they go through a typical day or week on the job. Ask questions and observe the work.
Finding a Profession(al)
Finding someone to interview or shadow is not difficult. Ask your parents and your friends’ parents if they know someone you can interview. Ask your professors for recommendations of professionals in the field. Go to your career center: Many maintain lists of alumni and employers who are willing to help in your career exploration.
Next, call or write a letter requesting an information interview or job shadowing. People who like their jobs tend to enjoy talking about them. You compliment the professional by expressing an interest in the career. In your phone call or letter, explain how you found the person you want to interview and request time for an appointment. Emphasize that you want to find out more about the career—you’re not looking for a job. If you’re lucky, the professional you contact may have other colleagues you can interview also.
Takes notes during your time with the professional. Here are some questions you might ask:
- What is your typical workday like?
- What do you like most (and least) about your job?
- What skills/abilities are most important to succeed in this job?
- What is your educational background?
- How did you get started in this field?
- What courses were most helpful to you and which would you recommend?
- What is the best way to get started in this field?
- Do you have any additional advice to help me prepare?
Following Up Your Interview
Review your notes. What was your impression? Did you leave the interview feeling as if you can envision a future in this occupation or were you discouraged—you don’t feel you learned enough about the occupation or the job description doesn’t sound appealing any longer?
Take your thoughts and concerns to the career center staff and get feedback on the next step to take in your career exploration. You may want to do additional information interviews in this career path or you may want to reexamine your goals and find a different path for your interests.
No matter what you decide, send a thank-you note to anyone you interview or shadow. Whether you decide to forge ahead on that career path or find another one, this professional may be a good person to network with when you begin your job search.
Courtesy of the National Association of Colleges and Employers, copyright holder. www.naceweb.org.
Learn more about Researching Career & Industry and the Informational Interview.
Growing up in Southern California as the son of Taiwanese immigrants, Michael has always had a humble mindset and a deep appreciation for having what he deems “a great upbringing in a country where I don’t take my opportunities and rights for granted“. However, it wasn’t until college started that he put serious thought into service within the military. “I was immediately drawn to the discipline and pride the Marine Corps had in its traditions, values, and high physical standards” he states. Michael was also interested in flying fixed wing aircraft, which the Marine Corps offers to officers selected for its aviation branch. After talking in depth with an Officer Selection Officer and learning more about the program, he applied to the Platoon Leader’s Course (PLC) his sophomore year. The PLC program involves a highly selective application process and requires a student to pass Officer Candidates School, a military school designed to screen and evaluate potential junior officers. “Marine officers have the responsibility of leading and being accountable for the Marines under them” he states “and it is humbling to know I’ll be in charge of and working with such highly motivated and proactive people.” Michael passed the aviation exam and was selected as a flight contract for OCS soon afterwards, graduating with class PLC-219 the summer after his junior year.
Michael returned for his senior year and earned his bachelor’s degree in Economics and Accounting. With a job ready for him out of college, he spent his senior year leading the Semper Fi Society, picking up new hobbies, and maintaining a high GPA. Michael was also an active member of the Alpha Tau Omega fraternity, volunteering at several marathons and participating in philanthropies such as Greeks4Kids and Habitat for Humanity. Owing much of his success to the support of his friends and family, he remains close with many of his fraternity brothers.
Michael plans to continue his education while in the military and transfer over to the business and financial sector after his service.